Exporting and Installing
There are three good ways and one bad way to allow others use your library:
Find module (the bad way)
If you are the library author, don't make a
Find<mypackage>.cmake script! These were designed for libraries whose authors did not support CMake. Use a
Config<mypackage>.cmake instead as listed below.
A package can include your project in a subdirectory, and then use
add_subdirectory on the subdirectory. This useful for header-only and quick-to-compile libraries. Note that the install commands may interfere with the parent project, so you can add
EXCLUDE_FROM_ALL to the
add_subdirectory command; the targets you explicitly use will still be built.
In order to support this as a library author, make sure you use
CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR instead of
PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR (and likewise for other variables, like binary dirs). You can check
CMAKE_PROJECT_NAME STREQUAL PROJECT_NAME to only add options or defaults that make sense if this is a project.
Also, since namespaces are a good idea, and the usage of your library should be consistent with the other methods below, you should add
add_library(MyLib::MyLib ALIAS MyLib)
to standardise the usage across all methods. This ALIAS target will not be exported below.
The third way is
*Config.cmake scripts; that will be the topic of the next chapter in this session.